1 266 883 598 inhabitants (2016)
Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
Hindu 79.8%, Muslim 14.2%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.7%, other and unspecified 2% (2011)
$6 700 (2016)
3 287 263 sq km
1 659 486 sq km (mainland) + 664 340 sq km (Andaman and Nicobar islands)
Army, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard.
    1) The territorial dispute in Kashmir, opposing India and Pakistan, has lasted since 1947.
    2) India is the largest producer of legal opium, but remains a transit point for illicit drugs from neighboring countries.