1) Italy faces the challenge of mass illegal immigration from south-eastern Europe and northern Africa.
2) Italy is an important place of passage for cocaine from Latin America and heroin from South-West Asia.
62 007 540 inhabitants (2016)
Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south.
Christian 80% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim (about 800,000 to 1 million), atheist and agnostic 20%
$36 300 (2016)
301 340 sq km
536 727 sq km (mainland) + 67 sq km (joint regime area France/Italia)
Italian Armed Forces: Army (Esercito Italiano), Navy (Marina Militare Italiana), Italian Air Force (Aeronautica Militare Italiana), Carabinieri Corps (Arma dei Carabinieri), Financial Guard (Guardia di Finanza)