62 007 540 inhabitants (2016)
Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south.
Christian 80% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim (about 800,000 to 1 million), atheist and agnostic 20%
$36 300 (2016)
536 727 sq km (mainland) + 67 sq km (joint regime area France/Italia)
Italian Armed Forces: Army (Esercito Italiano), Navy (Marina Militare Italiana), Italian Air Force (Aeronautica Militare Italiana), Carabinieri Corps (Arma dei Carabinieri), Financial Guard (Guardia di Finanza)
    1) Italy faces the challenge of mass illegal immigration from south-eastern Europe and northern Africa.
    2) Italy is an important place of passage for cocaine from Latin America and heroin from South-West Asia.