126 702 133 inhabitants (2016)
Japanese 98.5%, Koreans 0.5%, Chinese 0.4%, other 0.6% (2004)
Shintoism 79.2%, Buddhism 66.8%, Christianity 1.5%, other 7.1% (2012)
$38 900 (2016)
Ground Self-Defense Force (Rikujou Jieitai), Maritime Self-Defense Force (Kaijou Jieitai), Air Self-Defense Force (Koukuu Jieitai).
    1) The country claims the islands of Etorofu, Kunashiri and Shikotan, currently administered by Russia.
    2) China and Taiwan claim the Senkaku Islands, currently administered by Japan.