30 949 962 inhabitants (2016)
Malay 50.1%, Chinese 22.6%, indigenous 11.8%, Indian 6.7%, other 0.7%, non-citizens 8.2% (2010)
Muslim (official) 61.3%, Buddhist 19.8%, Christian 9.2%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 1.3%, other 0.4%, none 0.8%, unspecified 1% (2010)
$27 200 (2016)
Malaysian Armed Forces (Angkatan Tentera Malaysia): Malaysian Army (Tentera Darat Malaysia), Royal Malaysian Navy (Tentera Laut Diraja Malaysia), Royal Malaysian Air Force (Tentera Udara Diraja Malaysia)
    1) The Tanjung Datu maritime boundary is central to negotiations between Malaysia and Indonesia.
    2) Malaysia and Indonesia claim the territory of Ambalat, rich in mineral resources.
    3) Several islands and archipelagos in the South China Sea (the Spratleys Islands) are claimed by China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, and Brunei.