279 070 inhabitants (2017)
Kanak 40.3%, European 29.2%, Wallisian, Futunian 8.7%, Tahitian 2%, Indonesian 1.6%, Vietnamese 1%, Ni-Vanuatu 0.9%, other 16.2% (2009)
Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, and other 10%
$31 100 (2015)
New Caledonia does not have military forces and France provides defense assistance.
France and Vanuatu claim Matthew and Hunter Islands, at the east of New Caledonia.