102 624 209 inhabitants (2016)
Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000)
Catholic 82.9% (Roman Catholic 80.9%, Aglipayan 2%), Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000)
$7 700 (2016)
Armed Forces of the Philippines: Army, Navy, Air Force.
Several islands and archipelagos in the South China Sea (the Spratleys Islands) are claimed by China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, and Brunei.