48 563 476 inhabitants (2016)
Composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types.
Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%
$36 500 (2016)
505 370 sq km
561 682 sq km
Spanish Armed Forces: Army (Ejercito de Tierra), Spanish Navy (Armada Espanola), Spanish Air Force (Ejercito del Aire Espanola)
- 1) In 2002, residents of Gibraltar rejected, by referendum, the principle of "shared sovereignty" between Spain and the United Kingdom.
- 2) The country is at midst of nine territorial and maritime disputes, including the Persil islet, 200 meters from the Moroccan coast and 6 kilometers from the Ceuta enclave; The control of the enclave by Spain is also questioned by Morocco.
- 3) North African, European, Latin American and Galician traffickers land drugs in Spain, which became a distribution country for the European market.